As we all know that the immune system is fighting against external attacks on our body. so we all should keep our immunity strong as much as we can. according to the studies that there is an internal link connection between the immune system and stress. so everyone should reduce their stress to maintain healthy immunity.
in this article, we will discuss Stress Affecting the Immune System with a full explanation so read this article till the end and grab the knowledge of how stress can affect our immune system.
How Stress Affecting the Immune System:-
Immunity is totally responsible for the fight against viruses and germs. it protects our body from getting ill. it consists of many white blood cells mean lymphocytes and phagocytes. these are fighting against bacteria, viruses, and cancer cells in your body. there are many factors of reducing the efficiency of our immune system. one is stress. when anyone is under stress in their body there is one hormone released which is cortisol. and this cortisol hormone suppresses the efficiency of the immune system. this hormone reduces the number of lymphocytes, which is why immunity gets reduced to fight against germs and any kind of disease. when anyone faces any stress problem that time many peoples start smoking, or drinking, and when stress is gone from their life but the stress hormone still release in their body. which causes many health issues. health issues like:-
- cold, flu
- Gastric ulcers
Stress and the immune system function related to each other:-
Now we have known that stress affects our immune system. now we will discuss how stress and the immune system are related to each other. the immune system is responsible for overall health and it connects with our whole entire body. stress can affect our immunity functions by damaging these below:-
one of the effects of stress on our immune system is the reproductive system. if we talk about stress in men it decreases the testosterone level and has harmful effects on sperm production. and in women stress causes the menstruation cycle or irregular cycles of periods. stress has also a negative impact on women’s pregnancy. stress pressure on women’s life reduces their sexual desire.
The nervous system is divided between the central division with the brain and spinal cord and the peripheral division with the autonomic and somatic nervous systems. When stressed, your sympathetic nervous system (SNS) shifts its energy resources towards either fighting an enemy or fleeing from it. At first, the SNS signals the adrenal glands for releasing adrenalin (epinephrine) and cortisol, causing rapid heartbeat and increased reparation. Once the stressful event is over, your body tries to recover. However, the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) and its overactivation in this condition can contribute to bronchoconstriction, such as asthma or excessive vasodilation.
If you have a healthy heart and blood vessels it means you have a healthy immunity system. if you have stressed it can occur provide pressure in your heart and due to it you may feel an increase in your heartbeat. stress can give you long time problems with the heart and blood-related diseases. so stress can also gives inflammation in your circulatory system.
when you are in stress it also affects your muscles. stress can keep your muscles in this way for a long time. you may feel a headache all the time. so stress affects your muscles too. people having stress takes a long time to recover their muscles than others.
When considering how stress weakens the immune system, stress processing should be considered. The brain uses a hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis to initiate a situation considered stressful and threatening. The hypothalamus is a collection of nuclei that connects the brain and the endocrine system. In stressful situations, it signals the pituitary gland to produce more cortisol. This hormone mobilizes glucose and fatty acids from the liver, causing severe physical damage.
The brain has a connection with our gut. if you are in stress then it causes bloating and other discomforts. according to the studies, people mostly eat more when they suffering from stress. they also get into the habit of smoking and drinking, stress feels you difficulty swallowing food, gassiness, and bloating. vomiting is another problem while you in stress. if you have a stomach ulcer then it can be more during stress. stress affects the movement of food within the body, causing either diarrhea or constipation.
Fight against stress:-
Till now we have discussed how stress affects your immune system from the above points now will discuss how we can remove stress with the help of the following:-
- You should maintain a good healthy and balanced diet in your daily routine.
- Do physical exercises
- Go with family and with friends outing
- Do not drink and smoke
- Do meditation
- Avoid stress trigger
Hopefully, this article answers your doubts regarding how stress affects the immune system. Stress is a serious condition that can cause severe medical conditions in different organs. As a result, individuals suffer from diseases, as their immunity cannot protect them. It is therefore essential to avoid stress for a healthy life.
Q1:- Can stress weak your immune system?
Ans:-Stress affects many parts of your body. stress decreases the white blood cells which are a must for the efficiency of the immunity system.
Q2:- How we can identify the stress symptoms?
Ans:- You will feel frequent colds and flu. fatigue, healing problems, organ problems, and many more.
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