What is Breast Cancer? – 10 types of Breast Cancer- Symptoms,Causes & Treatment

Breast cancer is a big disease that should take seriously. this disease increasing due to lifestyles. so in this article, we will discuss all of What is Breast Cancer, its types, its symptoms, its causes, and its treatment. so stay tuned to this article to get to know full information about breast cancer.

What is Breast Cancer:-

All kinds of cancers are totally uncontrolled by the multiplication of the cells. the proliferation of the cells happens due to mutation in the genes that control cell growth. such as the common regions where breast cancer develops

  1. Glands that produce milk
  2. Ducts that carry milk to the nipple
  3. Fatty connective tissue

Breast cancer can also spread to other parts of the healthy breast. it can reach lymph nodes and if it reaches the lymph nodes then it can reach other regions of the body.

What is Breast Cancer

Types of Breast Cancer?

There are two types of Breast cancer one is invasive and the second is non-invasive

Invasive breast cancer spreads from the breast gland or duct to the other parts of the breast or body. and non-invasive cancers are centered around the breast gland or the duct. based on these two categories there are many types of breast cancer which are the following:-

Non-invasive Breast Cancer:-

There are two types of Non-invasive breast cancer which are following:

  • Ductal Carcinoma in Situ:- this type of cancer is concentrated in the ducts. but if this cancer is untreated then it can be spread to the other tissues as well.
  • Lobular Carcinoma in Situ:- this type of cancer is concentrated in the milk-producing glands. it can also spread to all different parts of the breast.

Invasive Breast Cancer:-

There are a total of eight types of invasive breast cancer which are the following:-

  • Angiosarcoma:- this breast cancer occurs when cancer comes into the breast’s blood or lymph cells
  • Inflammatory Breast Cancer:- in this breast cancer the symptoms are redness, and swelling in the breast. this cancer is not clear that how causes because it is believed that cancer starts in the lymph vessels of the skin.
  • Invasive Ductal Carcinoma:- approx 85 percent invasive of breast cancer are of this type. it begins in the duct connecting the milk gland to the nipple. after it breaks through the duct wall, which invades healthy fatty tissues of the breast.
  • Medullary Carcinoma:- in this breast cancer it refers to the soft structure of the tumor. that is why this cancer is considered a carcinoma with medullary features.
  • Low-Grade Adenosquamous Carcinoma:- Metaplastic breast cancer is another extremely rare form of breast cancer. However, there can be lesions that are mistaken for cancer. Hence diagnosis will be performed extremely carefully.
  • Mucinous Carcinoma:- Mucus is found in the stomach and the trachea which is a slippery and slimy secretion in the body.
  • Papillary Carcinoma:- it mainly suffers those women who are suffering from menopause. finger-like projections and tumors are under in this type of cancer.

Male Breast Cancer:-

Men also have some breast tissue, which is why they can also get breast cancer. however, it is much rare in men rather than in women. men also get the same symptoms as women.

Metastatic Breast Cancer:-

It is also called stage 4 of breast cancer which spread to the other parts of the body. that is why it can reach bone, liver, and lungs.  metastatic breast cancer is an advanced level of cancer so the doctor needs to take an immediate treatment plan to rectify its symptoms.

Paget’s Disease of the Nipple:-

This type of cancer grows in the duct of the nipple. it affects the areola, which is surrounding the nipple.

Phyllodes Tumours of the Breast:-

It is a rare type of cancer type which grows in the connective tissue of the breast. it can be benign or cancerous.

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer:-

It affects near about 15 to 20 percent of the population with breast cancer. if this should be diagnosed then the tumor must have 3 characteristics which are

  1. Lack of oestrogen receptors that bind to the oestrogen hormone. Oestrogen plays a dominant role in stimulating breast cancer cells to grow.
  2. There is a lack of progesterone receptors that attach to the cell.
  3. It shouldn’t have HER2 proteins on the surface of the tumor.

it is known as triple-negative because the protein which is oestrogin , HER2, and progesterone should not be present in the tumor.

the cancer symptoms may vary in all these kinds of cancer so you should read all these subtypes.

Stages of Breast Cancer:-

it totally depends on how much the cancer cells and the tumor size spread these conditions are divided into five stages of breast cancer.

  • Check whether the cancer is invasive or non-invasive
  • Tumor size
  • lymph nodes are compromised or involved
  • Is cancer spread to other tissues or organs of the breast?

the stage of breast cancer are the following:-

Stage 0:-

ductal carcinoma in situ referred to as stage 0. this is the beginning of the stage of breast cancer where cancer cells do not spread further into the milk ducts.

Stage 4:-

The worst-case scenario is stage 4 cancer, where the primary tumor may be of any size. However, the distinguishing factor is that cancer should have spread to distant parts of the body. Further, it may have also spread to near and distant lymph nodes.

What is Breast Cancer

Symptoms of Breast Cancer:-

it depends on the type of breast cancer. this is unfortunate that there are no symptoms found in the earliest stage of breast cancer.

so it is advised to both men and women should go to regular check-ups to detect the disease at its early stage. it can be cured if it is diagnosed in the early stage. after that feeling of lumps on the breast does not give the correct result so a mammogram is advised to get the correct result.

There is some breast cancer that depends on the growth of hormones. such as ER and PR-positive cancer are treated in this manner. Doctors will prescribe this course of action to those whose cancer responds to hormones.

There are some hormone-blocking medications are:-

  • Goserelin
  • Aromatase inhibitors
  • Suppression
  • Tamoxifen

Radiation Therapy:-

this doctor prescribes after one month of therapy. the main purpose of this test target the remaining tumor cells and destroy them.

breast cancer symptoms are worrying, there is a high chance of survival. if it is detected early can be cured. so it is suggested to have regular check-ups and mammograms to detect the disease at its early stage.

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