What is Dengue – 3 Types of Dengue Fever- Symptoms – Treatment- Precautions

The summer is a much-awaited monsoon, but also it brings lots of diseases, out of these diseases dengue is the most common disease. it affects many people all over the world. here is all about What is Dengue, its symptoms and what are its treatment. so stay tuned to this article to get all information.

What is Dengue:-

Dengue fever occurs due to mosquito-borne disease. it affects thousands of people. here you will get all about what are the symptoms of dengue, its treatment, and precautions to avoid this disease.

Dengue fever is a kind of viral fever that is communicated from one person to another person due to the bite of particular species of mosquito named Aedes aegypti.

Types of Dengue Fever:-

As per the fever symptoms, dengue is classified into below groups:-

  • Mild Dengue fever:-

In this condition, the symptoms start showing after 7 days post the infection. the common symptoms of Mild dengue fever are High fever, Joint pain, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and headache.

  • Dengue Shock Syndrome:-

In this condition, patients suffer from shock, blood pressure drops, and high fever. it can gives one to collapse. it also causes respiratory issues. dengue shock syndrome is the most severe kind of this viral infection.

Confirmation of Dengue:-

In dengue fever, doctors prescribe a blood test that shows wheater the patient has this disease or not. there is no need to take fast before this blood test. below is a list of other tests which can be prescribed by the doctor.

  • Immunoglobulin M Test:-

Immunoglobulin M is an antibody found in a patient’s body. the first few days of infection this antibody can be found around 50 percent but after more than ten days there could be chances of increasing from 50 percent to 99 percent.

  • Immunoglobulin G Test:-

The Immunoglobulin G test is also known as the IgG test. this test is used to detect dengue in patients who have recovered from the dengue before.  the second and third time of infection is more dangerous than the first.  so you should take this test immediately.

  • NS1 Antigen Test:-

NS1 antigen test is the fastest way to check the infection. in affected human blood the antigen forms in one or two days. but antibodies take some time to reveal the presence of infection. this test has great accuracy to find the infection seven to eight days post after the infection.

  • Dengue RNA PCR Test:-

This test is used by lab technicians to detect the presence of this infection of the dengue virus. this is also a proper way of diagnosis. it shows results within five days of the first symptoms of infection.

Dengue Treatment:-

It is a big problem when dealing with dengue treatment. a good amount of fluid intake is the best suggestion for a patient who is suffering from this disease.

Doctors prescribe meditations to fight against the symptoms. dengue fever usually takes two weeks to get out of it but hospitalizations are suitable options, taking rest, and taking plenty of water. if there is a drop in platelet count then there can be a need for a blood transfusion. with hospitalization, the fever and painkiller medicines give some comfort from this dengue fever. if in case there are severe fevers the patients might go under the following:-

  1. Monitor periodically the affected person’s blood pressure
  2. If there is blood loss then the patient may go for a blood transfusion.
  3. In this, the patient might feel dehydrated so could be a chance to replace intravenous electrolyte fluid.
Q6:- Which fruit increases the blood platelets in dengue?
Ans:- Papaya leaves are beneficial to increase blood platelets at the time of dengue infection.

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