“Unlocking the Mystery of Dry Eye Syndrome: Causes, Top 10 Symptoms, and Treatments”

For the eye, it must have tears for healthy functioning and tears are beneficial for keeping them comfortable. but if the eyes do not have sufficient tears or do not release tears then it may cause dry eyes syndrome. so if you are suffering from Dry Eye Syndrome then this article will be beneficial for you so stay tuned till the end.

Dry Eye Syndrome:-

When eyes do not produce adequate tears to lubricate them then it causes Dry eye syndrome. it is a very common type of syndrome. if anyone has this condition then it may cause eye surface damage and inflammation.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Types of Dry Eye Syndrome:-

Below are two types of dry eye syndrome.

  • Evaporative Dry Eye:- In this condition, the meibomian glands of the eyes do not produce an adequate outer lipid layer of tears and it results in evaporation of tears.
  • Aqueous Tear-deficient Dry Eye:- In this condition, the lacrimal glands in the eyes do not release a middle aqueous layer of tears. and it results in lower production of tears.
Dry Eye Syndrome

Symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome:-

You can experience the following symptoms of Dry Eye Syndrome

  • Redness in the eyes
  • Eyes burning
  • Eyes pain

There are some common symptoms of dry eyes these are

  • Watery tearing
  • Stringy mucus
  • Feel difficulty in front of a computer or reading for a long duration
  • Blurr vision
  • Feel sand in the eyes
  • Feel heaviness in the eyes
Dry Eye Syndrome

Causes of Dry Eye Syndrome:-

Tears have three layers

  1. A watery middle layer
  2. The outer oily layer
  3. An inner mucus layer

if glands are inflamed and fail to produce sufficient mucus, oil, or water then it may cause dry eye syndrome. and if there is a lack of oil in the tears then it can lead to quick evaporation and eyes cannot maintain the moisture supply.

Below are some treatments or conditions that may cause dry eye syndrome

  • Wearing contact lenses for a long time
  • Getting hormone replacement therapy
  • Lasik eye surgery
  • Taking certain medications for example birth control pills, nasal decongestants, antidepressants, and antihistamines
  • Aging
  • Computers used for a long time
  • Not blinking adequately

Risk Factors of Dry Eye Syndrome:-

The dry eye depends on gender or particular age group or any chronic diseases or some conditions those are below:-

  • If anyone’s age is more than 50 then the production of tears decreases, then you may suffer from dry eyes
  • Mainly lower production of tears is in women. it is due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, or birth control pills consumption.
  • If anyone wearing contact lenses for a long time
  • Any medical history of undergoing refractive surgery
  • If suffering from thyroid or other diseases that push eyes forward, then it may cause dry eyes
  • If you have immune system disorders, lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sleeping with partially open eyes causes keratitis it can also lead to dry eye syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome

Diagnosis of Dry Eyes Syndrome:-

You should consult a doctor immediately for treatment if you feel any symptoms of dry eye syndrome. the doctor will conduct the following test to assess the cause of dry eyes

  • Full eye checkup: The doctor will check the full eye so that they will get to know the overall health of your eyes and they can conclude the cause of dry eyes
  • Test to check the volume of tears:- There is a test known as the Schirmer test which will assess the volume of your tears production. In this test, the doctor places blotting strips of paper under the lower eyelids. then after some time, they will check how much tears soaked the strips. One alternative test may be conducted by a doctor which is the phenol red thread test. in this test, they will place thread filled with pH-sensitive color over your lower eyelid. after some seconds of being wet with tears, they will measure the volume of your tears.
  • Osmolarity tear test:- in this test, the composition of water and particles in your tears will be checked by a doctor. if you will have dry eyes then the amount of water will be less in your eyes.
  • Check the quality of tears:- In this test, a doctor uses a particular dye in eye drops to know the surface condition of your eyes. then they will check the staining pattern or the corneas and will determine the amount it takes before the evaporation of your tears.
  • Samples of tears:- the doctor may take tear samples to check whether you have reduced lactoferrin or elevated matrix metalloproteinase-9

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Q1:- What is the major cause of dry eye syndrome?

Ans:- A dry, indoor environment. Contact lenses.

Q2:- How do you fix dry eye syndrome?

Ans:- The most common treatment is a type of eye drop called artificial tears.

Q3:- Can dry eyes be treated naturally?

Ans:- Eat (Naturally) Oily Fish

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