What is Dyspnoea- 4 types of Dyspnoea , Symptoms, causes, Treatment

If you feel tightness in your chest then it means you are suffering from Dyspnoea. it can occur due to large intense amounts of workouts and any physical activities. in this situation, one may feel uncomfortable breathing in the air. so in this condition, immediate medical attention is required to not get this condition from becoming chronic. so in this article, we will learn all about What is Dyspnoea, Its types, Its symptoms, its cause, and its treatment so keep reading this article till the end.

What is Dyspnoea

In medical terms, the shortness of breath is called Dyspnoea. In this condition body needs more oxygen than it gets. so to get more oxygen an individual breathes faster to increase the flow of air into the lungs and if it lacks then you may feel congested and pain in your chest.

Here are some examples of breathing problems Climbing stairs, high altitudes, or catching any vehicle.

What is Dyspnoea

Types of Dyspnoea:-

Following are the types of Dyspnoea

  • Orthopnea – In it, you can get a sensation that is caused when you lie down
  • PND( Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea):- due to the sensation of shortness of breath individual wake up after one to two hours
  • Trepopnea:- it occurs when anyone lies in a lateral decubitus position
  • Platypnea:- in it the sensation that due to an upright position

Symptoms of Dyspnoea:-

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Breath difficulties
  • Shallow Breathing
  • Chest tightness
  • Heart palpitations


Its causes vary from person to person. following are some causes

  • Anxiety
  • Panic attacks
  • Allergic reactions
  • Anaemia
  • Heart failure
  • Windpipe chokes
  • Exposure to harmful gases
  • Low blood pressure
  • Blood clot
  • Environmental pollutants
  • Lung collapsed
  • Diabetic ketoacidosiss

Some illness also causes shortness of breath

  • Heart problems
  • Asthma
  • Obesity
  • COPD
  • Lung cancer
  • Tumors

What is Dyspnoea

Diagnose Dyspnoea:-

Doctors can check shortness of breath with many tests which are following

Physical examination:-

A doctor will take down the temperature and will listen to your chest. a fever can indicate any infection

Imaging Tests:-

In this doctor will prescribe X-rays, CT scans, and other types of imaging tests if anyone does not have any history of Chronic conditions.

Pulse Oximetry:-

The doctor will use this device to check the oxygen count in the blood

Blood Tests:-

The doctor will take blood to check for infections like Anaemia or other conditions

Lung function tests:-

Doctors will check for breathing inconsistency

Treadmill Test:-

The doctor will check the volume of oxygen intake and carbon dioxide released when exercising on a treadmill

Treatment for Dyspnoea:-

There are limited treatments for Dyspnoea below are following

Exercise and Diet:-

Nutritionists will give you a diet chart that should be followed on a daily basis. this diet chart will be prepared after checking patients’ weight and other types of medical conditions.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation:-

Dyspnoea caused by COPD or lung diseases can be required oxygen taken care of by a pulmonologist.

Cardiac Rehabilitation:-

If any heart failure or any heart-related conditions then doctors will prescribe cardiac rehabilitation. If in case of exceptional cases, the artificial pump is required to assist heart function.

  • There are some drugs that can be prescribed for the treatment of breathing difficulties

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