Endometrial cancer is more common in Western countries. But if not treated, this disease can spread to other body parts.
This article is here to help you understand more about this disease and its symptoms. Learning about these symptoms can help you prevent further health problems.
Types of endometrial cancer:-
To understand what causes endometrial cancer, let’s first know where it starts in the uterus. The uterus has two main parts: the myometrium and the endometrium. The endometrium goes through changes during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. It’s also where endometrial cancer begins and can spread to other organs if not caught early.
Doctors have identified different types of endometrial cancer based on how the cells look under a microscope:
- Small cell carcinoma
- Uterine carcinosarcoma (CS)
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- Serous carcinoma
- Transitional carcinoma
The symptoms and how the cancer spreads depend on its type. For instance, type 1 cancer spreads slowly, while type 2 can spread faster.
Since symptoms can vary, it’s crucial to be aware of them to catch the cancer early and prevent it from spreading.
Endometrial cancer symptoms:-
If you have this condition, you might notice these common symptoms:
- Bleeding from the vagina after menopause or between periods.
- Feeling strong pain in your pelvic area and discomfort when you pee.
- Having discharge from your vagina that’s watery or tinged with blood.
- Feeling pain during sex.
Type 1 endometrial cancer develops slowly and can often be cured if found early. But because many people don’t know much about it, it’s hard to spot
Endometrial cancer causes:-
It’s hard to pinpoint the exact causes of endometrial cancer. However, researchers believe it begins when changes occur in the DNA of endometrial cells. These changes turn healthy cells into abnormal ones, eventually forming a tumor.
While endometrial cancer can’t be prevented entirely, women can watch for symptoms and understand risk factors to stay safe.
Postmenopausal women face higher risks if they:
- Started their periods early.
- Have diabetes or high blood pressure.
- Experience irregular periods, obesity, infertility, or abnormal endometrial cells.
- Have family members with a history of colorectal, endometrial, or breast cancer