“Understanding Kidney Cancer: Top 3 Types,Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options”

The kidney is responsible to remove waste from the body. it is a bean-shaped organ. kidney is present in the abdomen on either side of the spine. if overgrowth of the cells constituting this organ then it leads to kidney cancer.

In this article you will get to know the types of cancer, symptoms, and risk so read this article till the end.

Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer:-

If an abnormal growth of cells in the kidneys then it leads to kidney cancer. it is also known as a mass or malignant tumor.  there are some tumors and mass in kidneys can be non-cancerous or benign as well.

Symptoms for Kidney Cancer:-

In kidney cancer, there are no early symptoms but there are some signs and symptoms that any patient can experience in advanced cancer stages

  • Blood in the urine ( Haematuria )
  • Appetite loss
  • Low red blood cell count ( Anaemia )
  • Continuous fever that is not caused by any infection
  • Lower back pain ( one side ) that is not caused by any injury or does not go away
  • Weight loss that is not caused by any dieting
  • Pain between the hips and ribs

If this cancer spread to other parts of the body then you may experience the below symptoms

  • Breath shortness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Pain in bone
Kidney Cancer

Types of Kidney Cancer:-

Three types of kidney cancer are there

  • Wilms tumor:-

This type occurs in children and rarely occurs in adults

  • RCC ( Renal Cell Carcinomas):-

It is the most common type of cancer and it occurs where the purification of blood takes place. RCC may form as one or two or more tumors in the kidney. It accounts for 85% of all renal cancer types. it starts in the lining of the tiny tubes that make up the nephrons. Renal Cell Carcinoma typically develops as a single tumor in one kidney, but it can also affect both kidneys simultaneously. It can spread to other parts of the body, including nearby lymph nodes, adrenal glands, and distant organs such as the lungs, bones, or liver.

  • TCC (Transitional Cell Carcinoma):-

TCC is nearly 7 to 8 percent of the total number of kidney cancers. it starts in the renal pelvis. It can also form in the bladder or ureters. Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC), also known as urothelial carcinoma. apart from this, there are nearly nine types of benign kidney tumors in the body. they are mostly noncancerous.

Kidney Cancer

There is no particular lab test that can diagnose kidney cancer. it can be found by doctors by chance. your doctor will tell you to go to the urologist if the urologist suspects a problem in your kidneys.

There are some tests that they may ask you to take:-

  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Physical exam
  • Urinalysis
  • Ultrasound
  • Kidney mass biopsy
  • CBC to check the blood for signs of disease
  • CMP ( Complete metabolic panel)
  • Serum creatinine levels

Q1:- What are the first signs of kidney cancer?

Ans:- Blood in the urine, Low back pain on one side, Fatigue, Weight loss not caused by dieting, etc

Q2:- How is kidney cancer detected?

Ans:- CT and MRI scans

Q3:- What is stage 0 kidney cancer?

Ans:- noninvasive papillary carcinoma

Q4:- Can kidney cancer spread?

Ans:- kidney cancer may spread including the bones, liver, lungs, brain, and distant lymph nodes.

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