5 Types of Neurodegenerative Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Mostly this disease Neurodegenerative belongs to those whose age is above 60 but there could be some cases below this age. so in this article, we will discuss Types of Neurodegenerative Diseases, their symptoms, causes and what are the treatment.

What is Neurodegenerative Disease:-

In this disease, the neurons of the central nervous system get damaged. the damaged neuron could not able to regenerate on their own. and due to this brain, the body and the nervous system could not able to perform properly. this neurological disorder is a kind of umbrella term where many health conditions like damage of brain cells and nervous which also include such as Alzheimer’s disease and Lewy body dementia etc.

Types of Neurodegenerative Disease

Types of Neurodegenerative Disease:-

Below are some types of Neurodegenerative disease:-

  • Alzheimer’s Disease:-

The brain cells stop regenerating in this disease known as Alzheimer’s disease. which can give shrink organ that is atrophy. the main factor behind this is dementia. in this disease the patient loses the ability to think. in its initial stage patient forgets their latest action and any events they did after this disease increase the patient’s loss to perform basic regular task too. this disease most patients get when they cross the age of 60. but it could be within the age group of 30 to 60 years.

  • Parkinson’s Disease:-

It is also a type of neurodegenerative disease where patients’ nervous systems get affected. in this situation patients lose control over a particular body part. the uncontrolled situation is the major symptom of this disease. in its initial stage patient could not able to show their facial expressions after increasing this disease they were even could not able to deliver their speech properly.

  • Lewy Body Dementia:-

it is a disorder that causes dementia same as Alzheimer’s. it is caused by the deposition of alpha-synuclein protein. it is also known as the Lewy body. brain gets hampered due to unnecessary protein and these chemical changes. so because of it, the patient feels difficulties in moving, they can not control their mood and thinking. they also feel difficulty giving any attention to any particular things.

  • Huntington’s Disease:-

This disease is also a neurological disease where nerve cells start losing regeneration. in this disease also the patients lose the ability of thinking and the movement. due to the movement problem, the patient gets eye movement problems, eating problems, and difficulties in speaking, etc. also it can cause apathy, suicidal tendency, insomnia, etc.

Types of Neurodegenerative Disease

Symptoms of Neurodegenerative Disease:-

There are many common symptoms we can see in these types of neurodegenerative disease which are the following:

  1. Lose control over muscles
  2. Mental ability
  3. Take too much time to learn any new skills
  4. Depression problem
  5. Memory loss
  6. Emotions problem
  7. Hallucinations
  8. Irrelevant thoughts

so it is advisable to consult a doctor immediately if you feel such symptoms and start your treatment to overcome these situations.

Causes of Neurodegenerative Disease:-

  • Damage to Neurons:-

Neurons are the main block of the nervous system of the body. neurons are very important for taking senses from external to the brain due to this muscles perform accordingly. with the age grow the neurons get damaged and it’s difficult to regenerate again like other body parts. the brain cells shrink with age. so there are very difficulties in brain function.

  • Genetic factors & Environment:-

One of the main genetic reasons could also be neurodegenerative disease. you must see your family history if any of your family members had this disease. apart from Genetic factors, it could be also get through any external factors like any chemical and toxic substance.

  • Abnormal Proteins:-

One reason for neurodegenerative disease is abnormal proteins. because these proteins damage your nerve cells and give results in a weak nervous system. the development of Alzheimer’s disease is due to the beta-amyloid protein and you must know about it. also, the other protein synuclein provides patients a Parkinson’s disease.

Risk Factors in Neurodegenerative disease:-

The risk factors for this disease are followed:-

  1. Smoke
  2. Stroke
  3. Bad diet
  4. Depression
  5. Alcohol
  6. Brain tumor

Diagnosed Neurodegenerative Disease:-

we have discussed types of neurodegenerative disease. In the process of being diagnosed, first doctors take some tests on your cognitive ability. and if the doctor finds some improper function of cognitive ability then they do MRI testing (Magnetic resonance imaging). the doctor does examine very properly each process to detect if is there any sign of this disease which is a neurodegenerative disease. in the doctor’s next stage of testing, they might test microRNA to get more details.

Treatment for Neurodegenerative disease:-

There are no particular therapy and treatment for neurodegenerative disease. but doctors prescribe some medicines and psychotherapy to give treatment to the patients. with this method patients give some relief from this disease. but we know that this disorder is progressive in nature so it is not possible to stop this disease and stop the symptoms.

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