What is Glaucoma – 9 Types , Symptoms, Causes, Risks and Treatment

Glaucoma is a type of eye disease that is due to a low intake of nutrients and vitamins. any type of disorder which creates high pressure in the eyes which results in this disease. first, this disease affects the optic nerve then it goes to blindness and another kind of optical issues.

in this article, you will learn all about What is Glaucoma, its Types, Symptoms, Causes, Risks, and Treatment. so stay tuned for this article.

What is Glaucoma

What is Glaucoma:-

It is a disease that harms the optical nerve and hampers vision. when the area in which the eye fluid or aqueous humor drains out mean drainage angle does not function properly, due to this it causes high pressure in the eyes and results in Glaucoma. this disease is basically due to genetics or in older age.

in this disease there is no pain, it causes loss of vision. it can be curable if it is diagnosed at the correct time. and vision can be returned back also.

  • Pigmentary Glaucoma:-

When pigmentary granules which are in the iris break off to eye fluid which is Aqueous humor and block the drainage channel then this type occurs which is Pigmentary Glaucoma. the deposition of pigments can be due to heavy jogging sometimes.

  • Exfoliative Glaucoma:-

When the outer layer from the eyes lens peels off and sets in between the angle of the cornea and Iris, then it blocks the drainage channels and results in Glaucoma. this type is also known for causing high eye pressure.

  • Neovascular Glaucoma:-

This condition can occur due to some health issues like diabetes. there is an abnormal growth of new blood vessels on the Iris and over the drainage canals which causes blockage and high pressure of fluid inside the eyes. That is why it harms optic nerves and gives results in Glaucoma.

  • Traumatic Glaucoma:-

What is Glaucoma

This condition is due the eye injury which damages the optic nerves. there are some symptoms in the early stage and then after many years.

  • Uveitic Glaucoma:-

What is Glaucoma

This condition is usually due to inflammation from different drugs. it gives some irritation near the Iris of the eye canal which causes channel blockage and then give result in Glaucoma.

The main reason for this disease is due to damage to optic nerves. when these optic nerves are blocked then a fluid which is aqueous humor does not flow properly. that is why it causes extra pressure into the eyes and harms optic nerves which give result in Glaucoma.

But there are some other causes of Glaucoma which are as follows:-
  • There is any family history of this disease
  • Age factor
  • Thin Corneas
  • Having any health condition like heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure

Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma:-

In its early stage, the open angle Glaucoma does not show any symptoms. but there are some other types that can show some symptoms which are the following:-

  • Pressure on the eye and pain
  • Headaches
  • Blurred vision
  • Redness on eye
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Blind Spots
  • Tunnel vision
  • Rainbow-colored ring around lights

Treatments Available:-

  • Any eye drops for a long time
  • Long-time steroid medicines
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Eye issues over the age of 45

Diagnose Glaucoma:-

If there are any early signs of Glaucoma then you should visit an eye specialist. there is some sign like blurred vision and eye pain. but if you do not see any of these signs then also you should visit for a regular eye checkup to avoid any circumstances. below are some diagnosis process

  • Go to the opthalmologist and he or she will check the eye pressure
  • The doctor will check the optic nerves
  • The doctor will check the drainage angle of the eye
  • The doctor will check the side vision
  • The thickness of the cornea
  • The size of the optic nerve
What is Glaucoma

Treatments for Glaucoma:-

  • Medication:-

If there is proper medication in its early stage then this disease can be curable. usually, for lower eye pressure, there are eye drops that can reduce the chances of this disease. there are some eye drops that can reduce the flow of Aqueous humor which decrease eye pressure.

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